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Vitsada is a village in the Famagusta district, located fourkilometer northwest of Marathovounos/Ulukışla. The origin of the name is obscure. However, it is claimed by some local villagers that the village took its name from a plant known as vitcha (avroskillos). In 1958, Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative Turkish name Pınarlı, meaning “with spring water.” 
Historical Population:

As may be seen from the chart above, Vitsadha had been a mixed village since the Ottoman period, when Muslims constituted a majority in the village. In the Ottoman census of 1831, Muslims made up almost 85% of the population. This percentage decreased considerably during the first decades of the British occupation, falling to 51% in 1891. During the first half of the 20th century, while the Greek Cypriot population increased, the Turkish Cypriot population stagnated. In the 1946 census, Turkish Cypriots constituted only 35% of the population, and by 1960 that number had fallen 33.8%.


Due to intercommunal strife, all the Vitsada/Pınarlı Turkish Cypriots fled the village on 18 February 1964 and took refuge in nearby villages, primarily in Chatos/Serdarlı(135), Knodara/Gönendere(152) and Psyllatos/Sütlüce(187). Many also later settled in Nicosia. Many were relocated back to their village after 1974, though some stayed where they had sought refuge in 1964 or resettled in other locations, mainly in the cities.

All the Greek Cypriots of Vitsadha were displaced in August 1974. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Vitshada are scattered throughout the island’s south with a large pocket in Nicosia. The displaced population of Vitsada can be estimated to be around 320-30, since its Greek Cypriot population was 317 in 1973.

Current Inhabitants:

Apart from the original Turkish Cypriots of Vitshada/Pınarlı who returned after 1974, the village was also repopulated by Turkish Cypriots from nearby villages such as Knodara/Gönendere(152) and Chatos/Serdarlı(135). There are also some families from Turkey who were settled in the village in 1976, mainly from Adana and Ağrı provinces. The 2006 census puts the village’s population at 202.   

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