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Androlykou or Androlikou village is located near the Akamas peninsula, eight kilometers southwest of Polis and two kilometers north of Fasli. It is believed by many that the name Androlikou derives from the Greek “andros,” meaning “man” and “likos” meaning wolf. Villagers living in the region believe that the first settler of the village was called “Androlikos”, meaning “wolf man.” In 1958 Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name Gündoğdu, literally meaning “the sun rose.”
As can be seen from the chart above, Androlikou was always a Turkish Cypriot village. During the 20th century, Androlikou continued to be inhabited solely by Turkish Cypriots until 1975. However, the population fluctuated constantly throughout the British period.
No one was displaced from this village during the emergency years of the 1950s, nor during the intercommunal strife of 1963-64. However, in 1958, due to rising intercommunal tension in their village, all the Turkish Cypriot families (approximately 50 persons) of Neo Chorio(328) left their homes and sought refuge in Androlikou/Gündoğdu. They did not go back to the village; and although some eventually moved to Paphos or abroad, the majority stayed in Androlikou/Gündoğdu. In early 1964, the village served again as an important reception center for displaced Turkish Cypriots, this time, from the nearby village of Fasli(302). Richard Patrick recorded 585 persons living there in 1971, and of that number 95 were displaced persons from Fasli(302) village.
Apart from one Turkish Cypriot who was married to a Greek Cypriot woman, the whole village was evacuated in 1975. Before this mass evacuation, however, in October 1974 most men of fighting age were arrested and sent to the Geroskipou(306) POW camp to be exchanged with Greek Cypriot POWs. Other villagers left secretly, travelling over the mountains to the Turkish-controlled north. The 248 persons left behind in the village were eventually escorted by UNFICYP on 22 August 1975 to the northern part of the divide. This number included both Androlikou Turkish Cypriots and displaced Turkish Cypriots from Fasli(302). Those from Androlikou were mainly resettled in Myrtou/Çamlıbel(241) village in the Kyrenia district of north Cyprus. Some also were resettled in Lapithos/Lapta(237), Famagusta(140) and Morphou/Güzelyurt(072) municipalities. The number of Androlikou/Gündoğdu Turkish Cypriots (excluding Fasli villagers) who were displaced after 1974 was around 400-450 (385 in 1960 census).
Currently the village is empty and in ruins. The 2001 census recorded only 2 people living there. One of the two was presumably the Turkish Cypriot shepherd who stayed behind, and the other was his Greek Cypriot wife.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
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- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96