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Trachoni, or Trakhoni, is a village located in the Nicosia district of Cyprus, three kilometers south of Kythrea/Değirmenlik. Goodwin claims that Trachoni means “rough, stony place” in Greek Cypriot colloquial. In 1974, Turkish Cypriots changed its name to Demirhan, literally meaning “iron inn” or “iron khan(king).” Demirhan is also used as a male name in Turkey.
Historical Population:

Until 1910 the village was mixed, with a tiny Turkish Cypriot presence. As can be seen from the chart above, in the Ottoman census of 1831, Christians (Greek Cypriots) constituted 55% of the overall village population. Sixty years later, however, this percentage had increased to 90%. By the 1911 census, the Turkish Cypriot population comprised only two persons. The reasons behind these population movements have not been determined. On the other hand, over the course of the British period the overall population growth of the village showed an upward trend, increasing steadily from 204 in 1891 to 578 in 1960.


All the Greek Cypriots from this village were displaced in August 1974, fleeing from the advancing Turkish army. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Trachoni are scattered throughout the island’s south, with large pockets in towns. The number of the Trachoni Greek Cypriots who were displaced in 1974 was around 660 (654 in 1973). It is also known that the village has twenty-two persons still missing since 1974. These people could not escape the village and there has been no word of them since. The issue has been under the investigation of the bi-communal missing persons committee since the early 1980s.

Current Inhabitants:

Currently the village is mainly inhabited by displaced Turkish Cypriots from fourteen different villages in the south. The majority come from Asomatos/Gözügüzel(259) in the Limassol district and from Agios Georgios/Kavaklı(284), Kouklia/Sakarya(312) and Istinjo (Kios)/Tabanlı(308) in the Paphos region. In addition there are displaced families from Soskiou/Susuz(337), Pitargou/Akkargı(331), Axylou/Aksu(297), Tera/Çakırlar(339), Kritou Tera(315), Agia Varvara(283) in the Paphos district; Pentakomo/Beşevler(275) and Episkopi/Yalova(262) in the Limassol district; and Goshi/Üçşehitler(354) in the Larnaca district. The last census of 2006 puts the total population of the village at 454.  

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