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Trikomo is a small town of the east Mesaoria plain, located approximately two kilometers from e Famagusta bay and four kilometers northwest of Sygkrasi/Sınırüstü village. Trikomo means “three houses” in Greek. In 1975, Turkish Cypriots renamed it Yeni İskele to reflect the origins of the town’s current inhabitants. Most are displaced Turkish Cypriots from Scala, a coastal town of Larnaca(361)
, known in Turkish as İskele. Yeni means “new,” hence Yeni İskele literally means “New Scala/İskele.”
As can be seen from the chart above, Trikomo was a mixed village with a Greek Cypriot majority. In the Ottoman census of 1831, Muslims constituted approximately 18.4% of the population. However, by 1891 this percentage dropped significantly to 3.4%. During the first half of the 20th century the population of the village increased steadily, from 1,247 in 1901 to 2,195 in 1960.
Most of the Greek Cypriots of Trikomo were displaced in August 1974, although some stayed in the town after the Turkish army took control. In October 1975 there were 92 Greek Cypriots still remaining in the town, but they were transferred to the south side of the Green Line in 1978. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Trikomo are scattered throughout the island’s south, with small pockets in towns. The number of Trikomo Greek Cypriots who were displaced in 1974-78 was approximately 2,330 (2,323 in 1960 census).
Today the village is mainly inhabited by displaced Turkish Cypriots from the island’s south, especially from the Larnaca district and the city of Larnaca(361)
. Some families from Turkey, mainly from Adana province, also settled in the town in 1976-77. Over the last ten years, many European citizens, Turkish nationals and wealthy Turkish Cypriots from elsewhere in the island’s north (including returnees from abroad) have also bought property, built houses, and settled in the vicinity of the town. The 2006 Turkish Cypriot census puts Trikomo/İskele’s population at 3,657.
Books and Reports:
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Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
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- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
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- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96