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Davlos is located on the Karpasia/Karpaz peninsula near the north coast and three kilometers northwest of Kantara castle. Before 1974, this village was solely inhabited by Greek Cypriots. Davlos means “firewood” or “half-burned firewood” in Greek. In 1975, Turkish Cypriots chose the name Kaplıca, which means “thermal spring” in Turkish, after a mineral spring located in the vicinity of the village.
As can be seen from the chart above, Greek Cypriots constituted the only inhabitants of the village, apart from a small number of Turkish Cypriot inhabitants who appear in the records at the beginning of the 20th century. Although the population of the village showed a slight increase during the first quarter of the 20th century, a significant drop was recorded in 1946. The village’s population continued to decline, dropping from 599 in 1946, to 462 in 1960.
In 1974, most of the village’s inhabitants (270 persons) remained in the village and were enclaved there until the summer of 1975, when they were expelled to the southern part of the divide. Turkish Cypriots used the pretext of mistreatment of enclaved Turkish Cypriots by Greek Cypriot police in the south to explain the expulsion. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Davlos are scattered throughout the island’s south, with small pockets in towns. The number of Davlos Greek Cypriots who were displaced after the 1974 war was approximately 350 (342 in 1973 census).
After the forced departure of the Greek Cypriots from Davlos, the village was mainly used for the settlement of Turkish nationals from Turkey in 1976 and 1977, mostly from Uzuntarla (Alithinos) village in the Çaykara district of the northeast Black Sea. The 2006 Turkish Cypriot census puts the total population of the village at 408.
Books and Reports:
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Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
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- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
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- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96