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Agios Andronikos is a village in the Karpasia/Karpaz peninsula, located only three miles southwest of the small town of Yialousa/Yeni Erenköy. Greek Cypriots named the village after Saint Andronikos of Kanakaria. Andronikos also literally means “victor” in Greek. In 1959, Turkish Cypriots adopted an alternative Turkish name, Yeşilköy, meaning “green village.”
As can be seen from the chart above, Agios Andronikos/Yeşilköy was always a mixed village with a Greek Cypriot majority. In the Ottoman census of 1831, Muslims constituted a slight majority at 53%, but their numbers declined in the first decades of the British occupation so that they constituted 46% of the village in 1891. During the first half of the twentieth century, both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot populations increased steadily. Nevertheless, the Greek Cypriots had a relatively higher growth rate, thus causing the Turkish Cypriot population percentage to decline further, to 30% in 1946. In 1960, when the Republic of Cyprus was founded, the Turkish Cypriot population recovered slightly and constituted 36% of the population. The reason for the recovery can be explained by the arrival of some of the displaced Turkish Cypriots of Melanarga/Adaçay (173) in 1958. On the other hand, there was a further decline in the Greek Cypriot population due to migration to the UK that took place during the emergency years of 1955-1959.
Although, there was serious damage done to the Turkish Cypriot sector of the village in 1964, Turkish Cypriots continued to stay in the village during the troubled years of the 1960s. On the other hand, all the Greek Cypriots of Agios Andronikos were displaced between 1974 and 1977. Initially only a small number of the village’s Greek Cypriot population fled during August 1974, and 560 of them remained in the village until October 1975. However, by July 1976, all but 28 villagers had left for the southern part of the divide. There were only ten Greek Cypriots living in Agios Andronikos/Yeşilköy by December 1980.
Apart from the original Agios Andronikos/Yeşilköy Turkish Cypriots, in 1976 many homeless Turkish Cypriots from nearby villages such as Platanissos/Balalan(185)
, Galinoporni/Kaleburnu (145)
, Koroveia/Kurova (158)
, Melanarga/Adaçay (173)
and Galateia/Mehmetçik (144)
were settled there. The village was also used for the settlement of some families from Turkey, mostly from the Muş, Kars, Osmaniye, Ordu and Adana provinces of Anatolia. The 2006 census puts the village’s population at 777.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96