|Click Here for Map
Agia Trias is a village in the Karpasia/Karpaz peninsula
of northeastern Cyprus
. It is located two kilometers east of the small town of Yialousa/Yeni Erenköy. Before 1974, Agia Trias was predominantly inhabited by Greek Cypriots. The name Agia Trias can be translated as “holy trinity” in Greek. After 1974, Turkish Cypriots changed the village’s name to Sipahi, literally meaning, “cavalry soldier” in Turkish. However, Sipahi is also a brand name for a Turkish cigarette. Many villages in the Karpasia/Karpaz region were renamed after certain cigarette brand names in 1975 (Vothylakas became Derince, Vokolida became Bafra, Vasili became Gelincik, Yialousa became Maltepe [later Yeni Erenköy] and Agia Trias became Sipahi). The explanation given was that the region was the main tobacco growing area of Cyprus. Agia Trias did not exist as a separate village before 1946. Prior to this date. in the censuses it was listed as part of Yialousa village. After the unification of three small hamlets, Monagri, Kakotri and Melini, all of which had formerly been part of Yialousa, Agia Trias began to be listed as a separate entity. This could also explain the origin of the name.
Before 1974, Greek Cypriots constituted the only inhabitants of the village. The first census that counted Agia Trias as a separate entity, in 1946, put the village’s population at 1078. The population of the village showed a steady increase in 1960 and later in 1973.
After the 1974 war, most of the village’s inhabitants remained and were enclaved in the village. During the 1974 war, the peninsula was cut off by Turkish troops, and this prevented the Greek Cypriot inhabitants from fleeing to the other side of the Green Line. As of October 1975 the number of Greek Cypriots who still remained in the village was 1,036. By December 1976 their number dropped to 740; by May 1980 the population dropped to 273. In 1994, only 134 Greek Cypriots were still living in the village. Today, despite the reduction in their numbers, and with only around 120 Greek Cypriot inhabitants, Agia Trias is one of the two villages in the north where Greek Cypriots are still residing. The total number of displaced Greek Cypriots who were uprooted from their homes in Agia Trias between 1974 and 1985 is estimated to be 1,100.
This village was used for the settlement of Turkish nationals from Turkey in 1976 and 1977. They came from the Black Sea region of Turkey, mostly from the Maçka, Sürmene and Araklı districts of Trabzon province. According to the 2006 Turkish Cypriot census the de jure population of the village was 659 (including Greek Cypriots). During the last ten years, some Turkish Cypriots and European citizens have also bought property and settled in the vicinity of the village.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96