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Afanteia or Afania is a village located in the Famagusta district of Cyprus, eight kilometers northwest of Vatili and four kilometers west of Asha/Paşaköy. Afanteia means something like “destruction” or “catastrophe” in Greek. Turkish Cypriots changed the name to Gaziköy in 1958, meaning “village of the victorious Islamic fighter” or “village of the war hero.” Although Afanteia was located in the Famagusta district in 1960, Turkish Cypriots rezoned the village to include it in the Nicosia district.
Afanteia/Gaziköy had always been a mixed village. As can be seen from the chart above, in the Ottoman census of 1831, Muslims (Turkish Cypriots) constituted the majority of the inhabitants (59%). In 1891 their percentage decreased to 44%. Throughout the British period, while the Greek Cypriot population of the village increased significantly, the Turkish Cypriot population fluctuated. By 1960, the Greek Cypriot share of the village’s population had risen to 62% and the Turkish Cypriot proportion had dropped to 38%.
In 1958, as a result of disturbances in the Paphos region and with the encouragement of the Turkish Cypriot leadership, the Turkish Cypriots of Lempa/Çıralı (317),a village in Paphos, moved to Afanteia/Gaziköy and settled in the Turkish Cypriot neighborhood. However, all returned to their village of origin after the establishment of Republic of Cyprus in 1960. There was no displacement in the village during the 1963-64 intercommunal conflict. However, in August 1974, the Aphania/Gaziköy Greek Cypriots fled from the advancing Turkish army. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Afanteia are scattered throughout the island’s south, with large pockets in towns. The number of Afanteia Greek Cypriots who were displaced in 1974 was approximately 600 (588 in the 1973 census).
Currently the village is mainly inhabited by its original Turkish Cypriot villagers. In addition, after 1974, some displaced Turkish Cypriot families from various villages in the south such as Agios Sozomenos/Arpalık (008)
were resettled there. In 1976-77 a small number of families from Turkey, mainly from Adana and Elişkrit, also settled in the village. In addition, a small number of non-displaced Turkish Cypriots from nearby villages currently live in the village. The last Turkish Cypriot census put the village’s population at 679.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96