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Stavrokonnou is a village located on the southern foothills of the Troodos mountain range, twenty kilometers east of Paphos (Ktima) and three kilometers northwest of Mamonia. Stavrokonnou means “hill of the cross” in Greek. Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name Aydoğan in 1958. Aydoğan is both a place and a male name in Turkey. Ay
means “moon” and doğan
means “falcon” in Turkish.
As may be seen from the chart above, Stravrokonnou was a mixed village with a clear Turkish Cypriot majority from the Ottoman period. During the British period, the population of the village increased steadily from 243 in 1891 to 627 in 1960.
During the intercommunal strife of 1963-64, all six Greek Cypriots then living in the village were displaced. In this same period, the village became an important stronghold of Turkish Cypriot Fighters and served as an important reception center for many displaced Turkish Cypriots from nearby villages such as Kidasi/Ceyhan(310), Choulou/Hulu(298) and Kourtaka/Kurtağa(313). Richard Patrick recorded 100 displaced Turkish Cypriots living in Stravrokono in 1971.
The village did not surrender in 1974. Most of 554 Fighters and civilians in the village stayed there until it was evacuated on 7 September 1975 under the escort of UNFICYP. Some, however, did not wait until the scheduled evacuation date and secretly fled through the mountains to the island’s north. They were mainly resettled in Lysi/Akdoğan(167) village. Some also chose to be resettled in the towns of Famagusta(140), Kyrenia(236) and Morphou/Güzelyurt(072) or the villages of Fyllia/Serhatköy(035), Argaki/Akçay(020), Kyra/Mevlevi(055) and Koma tou Gialou/Kumyalı(154). The number of Stavrokonnou/Aydoğan Turkish Cypriots (excluding the other displaced persons who sought refuge there) who were displaced after 1974 was around 650 (621 in the 1960 census).
After the departure of the Turkish Cypriots, the village was used for the settlement of displaced Greek Cypriots from the island’s north. The 2001 census recorded 102 displaced Greek Cypriots residing there. However, most of the village is not inhabited and is now in ruin.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
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- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96