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Marona is located in the valley of Dhiarizos, twenty-four kilometers east of Paphos (Ktima) and five kilometers west of Mousere. The origin of the name is obscure. Some claim that the name implies that the village had a Maronite population at one time. However, Goodwin claims that the village was named after a mythological priest of Thrace. In 1958 Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name Uluçam, meaning “magnificent pine tree.”
According to the Ottoman census of 1831, the village was solely inhabited by Muslims. However, British censuses report that until 1960, Marona was a mixed village with a Turkish Cypriot majority. The small Greek Cypriot presence in the village fluctuated, rising from one family in 1911 to 23 persons in 1931, before dropping to 14 in 1946. By 1960 there were only three Greek Cypriots living in the village. During the intercommunal tensions of the late 1950s, most of the Greek Cypriots of the village left behind their houses and moved to the relative safety of nearby villages. The total population of the village increased steadily from 179 in 1891 to 414 in 1960.
All but three Greek Cypriots were displaced due to the intercommunal tensions of the late 1950s. Approximately 20 Greek Cypriots abandoned their houses and sought refuge in the nearby village of Fini. No one was displaced during the intercommunal strife of 1963-64. However, the village became a reception center for displaced Turkish Cypriots from Pano Archimandrita(293). Richard Patrick recorded 35 displaced Turkish Cypriots still residing in the village in 1971. He also put the total population of this enclave at 125. Most of these displaced persons stayed in Marona until 1975, when they moved to the northern part of the divide.
The village was not attacked by Greek Cypriot forces in 1974. However, most of the villagers fled the village through the mountains to the island’s north, or took refuge in the British Base areas, later (January 1975) to be transferred to the north via Turkey. The remaining 23 persons were evacuated to the north under UNFICYP escort on 16 August 1975. They were mainly resettled in Agios Amvrosios/Esentepe(207), Prastio/Aydınköy(091), Zodeia/Bostancı(047), Morphou/Güzelyurt(072), Masari/Şahinler(068), Fyllia/Serhatköy(035), Lysi/Türkmenköy(167) and Famagusta(140). The total number of Marona Turkish Cypriots who were displaced after 1974 was approximately 110 (105 in the 1960 census).
After the departure of the Turkish Cypriots, no one settled in the village. The entire village is in ruins now.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96