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Kidasi, or Kithasi or Jiyas (used by Turkish Cypriots), is a village of the southern Troodos foothills, located thirty kilometers east of Paphos (Ktima) and four kilometers northeast of Trakhypedhoula. The origin of the name is obscure. Turkish Cypriots adopted the name Ceyhan in 1958. Ceyhan is both a name of a town and a river in Turkey.
Although most of the census reports show that the village was inhabited predominantly by Turkish Cypriots, there were some Greek Cypriot families living in the village until 1931. During the British period the population of the village fluctuated constantly.
No one was displaced from this village during the emergency years of the 1950s. However, on 16 January 1964, following killings in nearby villages, the small Turkish Cypriot village of Prastio/Yuvalı(333) sought refuge in Kidasi. After consultation among the leaders of the two villages, it was decided that the two villages together should seek refuge in a more secure Turkish Cypriot village. The inhabitants of both Kidasi and Prastio(333) left on 17 January and moved to Malia/Bağlarbaşı(270) village in the Limassol district. However, when Greek Cypriot forces took control of Malia(270) in March 1964, the displaced Turkish Cypriots from Kidasi and Prastio/Yuvalı(333) were forced to evacuate Malia as well. This time they dispersed to a number of different villages, including Kantou/Çanakkale(265), Agios Georgios/Kavaklı(284), Avdimou/Düzkaya(260), Souskiou/Susuz(337), Agios Nikolaos/Esentepe(287), Stavrokonnou/Aydoğan(338) and Paphos(329). After 1968, when the RoC government had repaired most of the destroyed houses of Kidasi, a number of the villagers chose to return. The 1973 census of the government claims that there were 208 persons living in the village. However, Richard Patrick recorded only 36 persons living in the village in 1971. According to Turkish Cypriots sources, this number went up to 64 by 1974. The remaining approximately 100 displaced Turkish Cypriots from Kidasi stayed in the villages where they had taken refuge until 1974, when they fled to the island’s north. According to some villagers, many of them left secretly over the mountains to the north, while others found refuge in the Akrotiri Sovereign British Base Area and were transferred to north Cyprus via Turkey in January 1975. They were mainly resettled in Agios Amvrosios/Esentepe(207), Morphou/Güzelyurt(072), Zodeia/Bostancı(083), Famagusta(140), Lefkoniko/Geçitkale(162), Kythrea/Değirmenlik(056), Dikomos/Dikmen(217) and Kyrenia(236). The number of Kidasi Turkish Cypriots who were displaced after 1974 was around 180-190 (162 in the 1960 census).
According to Goodwin, after the departure of the Turkish Cypriots, the government demolished most of their houses in order to build new housing for displaced Greek Cypriots from the island’s north. However, few took the option. The 2001 census recorded only seven persons living there.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96