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Pano Arodes is one of the twin villages of Arodes, located in the Paphos district. Goodwin suggests that Arodes was named after the Greek island of Rhodes where the Hospitallers (who owned the village at that time) had their main headquarters. In 1958 the Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name of Kalkanlı, which literally means “armed with a shield.”
The Ottoman census of 1831 shows only one Arodes, and at that time the village was a mixed one. In the first British census, however, we see the division of Arodes into “upper” and “lower,” and while Kato (lower) Arodes was predominantly Muslim, Pano (upper) Arodes was mixed. While the Muslim population of Pano Arodes often fluctuated and stagnated during the British period, the Greek Cypriot population increased steadily until 1946, after which it declined significantly. The total population of the village also dropped from 617 in 1946 to 492 in 1960.
No one was displaced from this village during the emergency years of the 1950s. However, during the intercommunal strife of 1963-64, the Turkish Cypriots of the village fled numerous times and sought refuge in Kato Arodes(294) for temporary periods.
After the division of the island in 1974, the village was evacuated in two phases. In the first phase, most of the Turkish Cypriot villagers fled first to Kato Arodes(294) on 20 July 1974 and later secretly fled over the mountains to the Turkish-controlled north, taking a dangerous route in which one person died falling from a cliff. In the second phase, the rest of the villagers were escorted by UNFICYP on 20 August 1975 to the northern part of the divide. They were mainly resettled in Kalo Chorio(Kapouti)/Kalkanlı(042), near the town of Morphou/Güzelyurt in the north. Some were also resettled in Varosha/Maraş in Famagusta(140). The number of the Pano Arodes/Aşağı Kalkanlı Turkish Cypriots who were displaced after 1974 was around 110-120 (101 in 1960 census).
After the departure of the Turkish Cypriots, only a few displaced Greek Cypriots from the north settled in Pano Arodes/Kalkanlı in the late 1970s. Most of the Turkish Cypriot houses of the village fell into ruin. During the late 1970s, the majority of the Greek Cypriot inhabitants of the village also left and went to live in towns. Goodwin claims that in 1982 half of the houses in the village were empty. The 2001 census recorded only 108 people permanently living there.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
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- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
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- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96