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Larnakas tis Lapithou is situated on the southern foothills of the western part of the Five Finger mountain range, only five miles east of Myrtou/Çamlıbel and one and a half miles west of Agridaki/Alemdağ village. Larnakas tis Lapithou was always a Greek Cypriot dominated village. Larnakas tis Lapithou means “Larnaca of Lapithos” in Greek. This was done to distinguish the village’s name from the coastal town of Larnaca, and because it is located immediately south of Lapithos, on the southern side of the Five Finger mountain range. After 1974, the name of the village was changed to Kozan köy by Turkish Cypriots. Kozan is the name of a town in the Adana district of south Turkey. It is still obscure why Turkish Cypriots adopted this name.
As can be seen from the chart above, for most of the period of recorded censuses, the village was inhabited almost exclusively by Greek Cypriots. However, according to the Ottoman census of 1831, Muslims constituted almost 22% of the village’s population, and there were Muslims living in the village until 1911. From the above chart, we can also observe that the Christian population grew considerably during the latter part of the nineteenth century, and consequently the Muslim proportion of the population dropped to around 5%. The local villagers from Kampyli claim that the remaining Turks of Larnaca tis Lapithou moved to their village as a result of some disturbances that took place between 1911 and 1921. During the first half of the twentieth century, Larnaca tis Lapithou’s Greek Cypriot population grew substantially, increasing from 455 in 1901 to 719 in 1946. The village’s population was estimated to be 873 in 1973, prior to the 1974 war and the subsequent displacement of its inhabitants.
All of the village’s inhabitants were displaced between 20th July and 15th August 1974. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Larnakas tis Lapithou are scattered throughout the island’s south with some pockets in towns. The displaced population of the village could be estimated to be around 900, since its Greek Cypriot population was 873 in 1973.
Currently the village is mainly inhabited by displaced Turkish Cypriots from eight different Paphos villages, including Akoursos/Akarsu(288)
, Trimithousa of Chrysochou/Uzunmeşe(341)
, Kritou terra/Girittera(315)
, among others. The 2006 census puts the population of the village at 464.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
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- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96