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Kazaphani, or Kazafana, is situated on the northern coast of Cyprus, half a mile north of Bellapais village and two miles east of the town of Kyrenia. It was a mixed village until 1974. The name of the village derives from the words “Casal Epiphani,” or “village of St. Epiphanius.” However, Turkish Cypriots in 1959 found an alternative name for the village, Ozanköy, meaning the “village of the poet” after the well-known Turkish Cypriot poet Osman Türkay, who was originally from this village.
According to the 1831 Ottoman census, Christians constituted a slight majority in the village. The second British census of 1891 however, puts the Muslim ratio at 62%. It is known that many Christians from the village moved to Kyrenia following the departure of the Ottoman administrators and soldiers in 1878. This population ratio continued until 1960 with a slight drop (56%).
Due to intercommunal strife, in January 1964 some of the Turkish Cypriots of Klepini took refuge in Kazafani. However, in early March 1964 the National Guard attacked the Turkish Cypriot quarter of Kazafani village. When a ceasefire was arranged, almost 40% of the Turkish Cypriots left the village, as well as all the displaced persons of Klepini. Many of them were moved to the camps in Aghirda/Ağırdağ(211) and Boğhaz(215). The rest of the villagers stayed in the village until 1974. UNFICYP maintained a post there between 1964 and 1974.
The displacement of all the Greek Cypriots from this village took place in 1974, when most of the Kazafani Greek Cypriots fled from the advancing Turkish army in July and sought refuge in the south. Some Greek Cypriot residents attempted to remain in the village during and after the 1974 war. In November 1975, the number of those who were enclaved in the village was 107. That number dropped to 99 by September 1976. By October of that year, no Greek Cypriots lived in Kazafani. Currently, like the rest of the displaced Greek Cypriots, the Greek Cypriots of Kazafani are scattered throughout the island’s south, with some small pockets in towns. The number of Greek Cypriots displaced from Kazafani between 1974 and 1976 was around 430 (410 in the1973 census).
Currently the village is inhabited by its original villagers and some displaced Turkish Cypriots from villages in the Limassol and Paphos districts (e.g., Kourtaka/Kurtağa(313)
). There are also some Turkish nationals who settled here in 1977 (109 of the Turkish Cypriot citizens who lived in the village in 1996 declared Turkey as their birthplace). Over the last thirty years, many European citizens and Turkish Cypriots from elsewhere in the island’s north have also bought property, built houses, and settled here. Due to the recent construction boom and the development in tourism, the village hosts many immigrant workers from Turkey and Pakistan to work in these sectors. The 2006 Turkish Cypriot census gives the village’s population as 2,584. This number can easily rise to 3,000 during holiday months.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96