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Paramali, or Paramal (in Turkish), is a village situated in the Limassol district, approximately twenty-five kilometers west of the city of Limassol and four kilometers east of Avdimou/Düzkaya. According to Goodwin, Paramali means “by the property (estate)” or “small holding (land)”. Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name Çayönü in 1958, literally meaning “river front.” There are many places in Turkey called Çayönü.
Although the village was solely inhabited by Muslims (Turkish Cypriots) during the Ottoman period, throughout the British period the population of the village was mixed, with Turkish Cypriots constituting the majority. Greek Cypriots began residing in the village after 1891. During the British period, the population of the village increased from 136 persons in 1891 to 248 in 1960.
No one was displaced from this village during the 1950s emergency years, but all the Greek Cypriots fled the village during the intercommunal strife of 1963-64. During the latter period the village formed a sub-unit of the Episkopi enclave and served as an important reception center for displaced Turkish Cypriots who fled the nearby villages of Prastio/Çeliktaş(279), Silikou/Silifke(280) and Malia/Bağlarbaşı(270). Richard Patrick recorded 103 displaced Turkish Cypriots still living in the village in 1971. On the other hand, the second conflict-related displacement from Paramali/Çayönü took place after 1974, when the village’s Turkish Cypriot population fled to the Akrotiri British Base Area. Apart from some who fled clandestinely to the north, most stayed in the Base Area until the end of 1974. In January 1975, they were eventually transferred to north Cyprus via Turkey and were subsequently resettled in Kalopsida(151) village of the Famagusta district, which they renamed Çayönü. The total number of displaced Turkish Cypriots from Paramali/Çayönü can be estimated to be 250 (218 in the 1960 census).
Currently the village is mainly inhabited by displaced Greek Cypriots from the north. While some displaced Greek Cypriots occupy Turkish Cypriot houses, much new housing has also been constructed for them in the area. The last Cypriot census of 2001 put the total population at 148.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96