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Fasoula is a village situated in the Limassol district, approximately eight kilometers north of the city of Limassol and two kilometers west of Mathikoloni. The origin of the name is obscure, although the village’s website suggests that it may mean “beans” or “sickle” in Greek. However it is also believed that the name could have derived from an earlier landlord or fief holder’s name (Fasoulas). Another version reports that the village took the name from the Frankish word "Fasoula" that means reaping hook -the known instrument for harvesting (www.fasoula.org).
As can be seen in the above chart, the village had a mixed population from the Ottoman period, but the Greek Cypriot population was always in a clear majority. Throughout the 20th century, while the Greek Cypriot population increased further, the Turkish Cypriot population declined. The Turkish Cypriot proportion of the population decreased from 10% in 1891 to 4% in 1960.
The first conflict-related displacement took place in December 1963. All of the Turkish Cypriots of Fasoula evacuated the village and sought refuge in the Turkish Cypriot enclave of Kato Polemidia/Aşağı Binatlı(277). They remained there until 1974, when all the Turkish Cypriots staying in Kato Polemidia/Aşağı Binatlı(277) fled to the Akrotiri British Base Area. In January 1975, they were all transferred to the northern part of the island via Turkey. The total number of displaced Turkish Cypriots from Fasoula can be estimated to be 25-30 (18 in the 1960 census).
Currently the village is mainly occupied by its original Greek Cypriot inhabitants. The last Cypriot census of 2001 put the total population at 327.
Books and Reports:
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Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
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- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
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- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96