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Melouseia or Melousha is a Turkish Cypriot village situated in the south Mesaoria/Mesarya plain, five kilometers northeast of Athienou/Kiracıköy on the northern side of the Cyprus divide. In 1960, it was listed as part of the Larnaca district, but after 1974 Turkish Cypriots began to list Melousha/Kırıkkale as part of the Nicosia district of north Cyprus. The origin of the name is obscure. In 1958, Turkish Cypriots adopted an alternative Turkish name, Kırıkkale, literally meaning “broken castle” or “ruined castle.” Kırıkkale is also a place name in Anatolia.
Since the Ottoman period, Melouseia/Kırıkkale has been inhabited exclusively by Turkish Cypriots. Although the population growth of the village was steady in the first half of the twentieth century, a significant decline was recorded in 1960.
No one was displaced from the village during the intercommunal strife of the 1960s. However, during this period, the village served as a reception center for displaced Turkish Cypriots who fled from nearby villages such as Pyroi/Gaziler(093) and Agios Sozomenos/Arpalık(008). After 1968, many of these displaced families chose to move to larger enclaves with proper refugee housing, although Richard Patrick notes that in 1971 there were still seven displaced Turkish Cypriots residing in the village.
Melousea/Kırıkkale is currently inhabited only by its original villagers. The last Turkish Cypriot census of 2006 put the village’s population at 398.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96