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Louroujina/Akıncılar is a village located in the Nicosia district of Cyprus, five kilometers southeast of Dali and directly north of Lymbia. Louroujina/Akincilar was one of the largest Turkish Cypriot villages in Cyprus before the division of the island. The origin of the name is obscure. Some say it comes from ‘la regina,’ latin for the queen. In 1958, Turkish Cypriots adopted Akıncılar as its alternative name. Akıncılar literally means “Ottoman raiders” in Turkish.
The village was mixed until the 1950s, but Turkish Cypriots (Muslims) always constituted the majority. As can be seen from the chart above, in the Ottoman census of 1831, the Muslim (Turkish Cypriot) share of the population was almost 81%. In 1891 this percentage increased to 88%. Throughout the British period the Turkish Cypriot population continued to increase, while the Greek Cypriot percentage declined. By 1960, there were only three Greek Cypriots left in the village.
The first conflict-related displacement occurred when Greek Cypriots fled the village in the 1950s as a result of intercommunal tensions created by the EOKA struggle. Although no one was displaced from the village during the intercommunal strife of the 1960s, the village became an important reception center for displaced Turkish Cypriots. Richard Patrick recorded almost 1,000 displaced Turkish Cypriots still living in the village in 1971; for the same year he also estimated the population of the village at 2,800. The majority of these displaced persons came from nearby villages such as Potamia/Dereli(089), Piroyi/Gaziler(093), Nisou/Dizdarköy(076), Dali(024) and Agios Sozomenos/Arpalık(008). In addition, in the first months of 1964, Petrophani/Esendağ(370) villagers also sought refuge in the village for a short time but later returned to their homes. After the division of the island in 1974, when most of village’s fertile land ended up in the buffer zone or south of the Green Line and the village itself became a semi-militarized zone, most of its inhabitants and the displaced families from the 1960s were relocated to empty Greek Cypriot villages in the north. While the Turkish Cypriots of Louroujina chose to move to the village of Lysi/Akdoğan(167), most of the 1960s displaced families settled in Argaki/Akçay(020) in the Morphou/Güzelyurt area. It is important to note that, despite the insistence of the Turkish Cypriot leadership, almost 300 Louroujina Turkish Cypriots chose to stay in the village, which is now surrounded by the buffer zone and military barricades. Today, the only access to the village is through a Turkish military camp in Piroyi/Gaziler(093) village.
Currently the village is occupied by those of its original Turkish Cypriot inhabitants who chose to stay there. The 2006 census put the village’s population at 462.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96