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Ghaziveran, or Kazivera, is a Turkish Cypriot village, situated near Morphou/Güzelyurt bay, nine kilometers southwest of Morphou/Güzelyurt and four kilometers northeast of Pendageia/Yeşilyurt. The origin of the village’s name is obscure. Both Goodwin and Menardos agree that it has a Turkish origin, though they disagree about its meaning. After 1974, Turkish Cypriots slightly changed the name from Gaziveran to Gaziveren, meaning “a village that produces warriors.”
From Ottoman times to the present day, Ghaziveran has been inhabited predominantly by Turkish Cypriots. Although the population growth of the village fluctuated in the first half of the 20th century, it steadily increased from 121 in 1891 to 469 in 1960.
No one was displaced from this village during the intercommunal strife of the 1960s. However, during this period, the village served as an important reception center for many displaced Turkish Cypriots who had fled from nearby villages. According to Richard Patrick, the first evacuation in the Lefka/Lefke region took place in the villages of Xeros and Karavostasi/Gemikonağı(045) at the end of December 1963, when Greek Cypriot irregulars forced a number of Turkish Cypriots to leave at gunpoint. Patrick claims that this harassment was probably in retribution for the evacuation of hundreds of Greek Cypriots from Lefka/Lefke(060) and Ampelikou/Bağlıköy(016) in 1958 during the EOKA campaign. About a month later, a second, larger wave of displaced persons followed the January 1964 freedom of movement agreement. These displaced persons fled from various villages of in the Lefka/Lefke region and took refuge in the town of Lefka/Lefke(060), as well as in nearby Turkish Cypriot villages such as Ghaziveran. Patrick recorded 125 displaced Turkish Cypriots still residing in Ghaziveran in 1971. The displaced Turkish Cypriots mainly came from villages such as Morphou/Güzelyurt(072), Karavostasi/Gemikonağı(045), Flasou(034), Peristerona(085) and Koutrafas/Kurtboğan(054).
Gaziveren is currently largely inhabited by its original villagers. In addition, there are some Turkish Cypriots who were displaced in 1964 or 1974, deriving mainly from villages such as Akaki(013)
in the Nicosia district. Some families from various locations in the Paphos district also settled there. For the last twenty years, many other Turkish Cypriots from elsewhere in the north have chosen to settle in the village, as citrus cultivation thrives in the soil of the area. The last Turkish Cypriot census of 2006 put the village’s population at 1,002.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
- Fehmi, Hasan (2003), “Güney’de Kalan Değerlerimiz,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Özyay Matbaacılık.
- Fellahoğlu, Esat (2010), “Ulusal Direnişte Baf Köyleri,” İstanbul: Bayrak Matbaacılık.
- Giray, Halil: KKTC Yerleşim Birimleri, Yürürlükteki ve Eski İsimler Listesi KKTC İskân Bakanlığı : KKTC Coğrafi İsimler Kataloğu : (Cilt – I and II), Lefkoşa.
- Goodwin, Jack C. (1984), “An Historical Toponymy of Cyprus (Forth edition),” Nicosia (copy number 6).
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1922), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1921, taken on the 24th April, 1921,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Hart-Davis, C. H (1932), “Report of the Census of 1931,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Hatay, Mete, (2005). “Beyond Numbers: An Inquiery into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus,” PRIO/Cyprus Centre Report 4/2005, Nicosia/Oslo, PRIO.
- Hill, Sir George, (1952). A History of Cyprus, Vol. IV., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Ioannides, Christos P., 1991. “In Turkey’s Image: The Transformation of Occupied Cyprus into a Turkish Province,” Aristide D. Caratzas, New York.
- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1912), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1911, taken on the 2nd April, 1911,” London: Waterlow & Sons.
- Menardos, Simos (2001), Τοπωνημικαι και Λαογραφικαι Μελεται (Topographical and Folkloric Studies), Nicosia: Centre for Scientific Studies
Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96