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Kaimakli is a neighborhood located in the northeastern section of the Greek Cypriot municipality of Nicosia, bordering the Green Line which divides the capital. It was incorporated into the city in 1968. Kaimakli derives from “kaymak” in Turkish, meaning “clotted cream.” Kaimakli is also known as Beuyuk Kaimakli. Beuyuk or Büyük means “large” in Turkish. This qualifier was used to differentiate the neighborhood from the village of Omorfita, also known to both Greek and Turkish Cypriots as Küçük, or small, Kaimakli. In the nineteenth century Kaimaklı was also known as Mesokelepsi.
The neighborhood has always been predominantly inhabited by Greek Cypriots, with a tiny Turkish Cypriot population that fluctuated between 40 and 60 persons. By 1960 there were only four Turkish Cypriots living in the village. In contrast, the total population of the neighborhood grew throughout the British period, rising from 1,093 in 1891 to 7,066 in 1960.
The first conflict-related displacement took place in 1958 when most of the Turkish Cypriot inhabitants of Kaimaklı left the neighborhood during the intercommunal disturbances. Many of them moved to the walled city of Nicosia. The second displacement took place in 1974, when many of the neighborhood’s Greek Cypriot inhabitants temporarily fled their homes until a ceasefire was announced.
Currently the village is mainly inhabited by its original Greek Cypriot inhabitants, displaced Greek Cypriots from the north, and other Greek Cypriots who have bought houses and settled there. The last census of 2001 puts the total population of the neighborhood at 10,864.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
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- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
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- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96