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Agioi Iliofotoi, Eliophotes, or Alifodes, was a small hamlet situated on the northern foothills of the Troodos mountain range, two kilometers northwest of Mitsero and one kilometer southeast of Kato Moni . A common claim is that the village was named after German saints who came to Cyprus in the fifth century. Turkish Cypriots adopted the alternative name of Zeytinlik in 1958, literally meaning “olive orchard.” They appear to have chosen this name based on an alternative interpretation of the Greek etymology, associating the name with the Greek word “elea,” or “olive.”
Although there had been a functioning church in the village since 1881, the village was solely inhabited by Turkish Cypriots. The church was used only for pilgrimages and Sunday masses for the Orthodox Christians from nearby villages. The population fluctuated in the first decades of the 20th century but steadily increased from 56 in 1891 to 91 in 1960.
All the Turkish inhabitants of Agioi Iliofotoi/Zeytinlik were displaced on 24 January 1964. Most of the villagers sought refuge in the Nicosia enclave and soon after were moved to a refugee camp in Krini/Pınarbaşı(235) on 25 January. Apart from one family who returned to the village in the early 1970s, all the Turkish Cypriots of Agioi Iliofotoi/Zeytinlik remained in Krini/Pınarbaşı(235) until December 1974, when they were resettled in the villages of Katokopia/Zümrütköy(048) and Vasileia/Karşıyaka(252).
The village has remained abandoned since 1964; all of its houses and buildings were razed to the ground in the late 1970s. The only surviving building in the village is the church of Agioi Iliafotoi.
Books and Reports:
Colonial Office (1893), “Cyprus: Report on the census of Cyprus, taken 6th April 1891,” Mediterranean, No. 39. London: Colonial Office.
Department of Statitstics and Research, 1997. Estimates of Turkish Cypriots and Settlers from Turkey, Ministry of Finance [Republic of Cyprus], Nicosia.
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- KKTC Başbakanlık Devlet Planlama Örgütü Müsteşarlığı, “15 Aralık 1996 Genel Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları (Özet), 26, November 1997,” Nicosia.
- Mavrogordato, Alexander (1901), “Report and general abstracts of the census of 1901, taken on the 1st April, 1901,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
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Perry, Frederic W., 1884. Report on the Census of Cyprus 1881, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.
- Republic of Cyprus, 1961. “Census of Population and Agriculture, 1960: Volume I: Population by Location, Race, and Sex,” Nicosia
- TRNC 2006 census preliminary results can be found at: www.devplan.org
TRNC Prime Ministry State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics of Population, December 15, 1996, TRNC Prime Ministry, Nicosia, 1999.
- Standing Cypriot Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names (2007), “Οδηγος Τυποποιησης Ονοματων (Guide to Standardized Names),” Nicosia: Ministry of Education and Culture.
- Ministry of Finance (1973), “Micro-Census (April 1973) Population by Village and Ethnic Group, Volume I.” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research.
- Özad, Murat Hüsnü (2002), “Baf ve Mücadele Yılları,” Lefkoşa (Nicosia): Akdeniz Haber Ajansı Yayınları.
- Patrick, Richard (1976), “Political Geography and the Cyprus Conflict: 1963-1971,” Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo.
- Percival, D.A. (1949), “Census of population and agriculture 1946 report,” Nicosia: Cyprus Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1962), “Census of population and agriculture, 1960,” Nicosia: Government Printing Office.
- Republic of Cyprus (1984), “Census of population 1982,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- Republic of Cyprus (2003), “Census of population 2001,” Nicosia: Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance.
- St John-Jones, L. W., 1983. “The Population of Cyprus: Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Influences” (with a foreword by W. H. Morris-Jones), Maurice Temple, Smith Limited, London.
- T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü (2000), “Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nüfus-Arazi Dağılımı ve Türk Vakıfları),” Ankara: Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı Yayın No: 43.
- Yorgancıoğlu, Oğuz: Kıbrıs’ta Türkçe Yer Adları ve Veriliş Yöntemleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma Kıbrıs Araştırmaları Dergisi, Cilt : 2, Sayı : 3, Yıl : 96